The word "Endocrine" means hormone and the
division of medical science that deals with hormones
is called ENDOCRINOLOGY. Hormones are chemical substances
that are secreted by special glands in the body and
taken to different areas of the body by blood for action.
They are important substances and most of them are life-saving
and without them we cannot survive. Some examples are
Insulin, Thyroid Hormone, Hydrocortisone, etc.
Others are very much needed for well being of our day-to-day life. Hormonal diseases are difficult to diagnose and doctors require special training for treatment of such diseases.
Hormones are important from day 1 of life. Different
hormones have role in the growth of children of which
most important ones are growth hormone and thyroid hormone.
Is one such time when sex hormone plays the most important
role for developing identity and is a very critical
stage for all of us. Special care has to be taken in
childhood Diabetes, as there is no cure for Diabetes
till date. The other uncommon but important problems
in children are Ambiguous Genitalia, Pituitary and Adrenal
disorders. Endocrine disorders in the adulthood include
problems with Thyroid gland (goiter, under-and over-active
Thyroid, Thyroid cancer), Pituitary gland (under-active
gland called Hypopitutarism, Pituitary tumors), Adrenal
gland (under-and over-secretion of the Adrenal hormones,
cancer of the Adrenal glands), Ovary and Testes (sexual
problem in men and women, period problems in women,
hormones replacement therapy after menopause), etc.
We now recognise for last several years the importance
of bone metabolism, role of calcium and risk of osteoporosis
or brittle bone disease. All these require a special
understanding, patience, and expertise that we hope
to provide in hospitals in Mumbai & Manipal hospital
in Bangalore and in Manipal. These hospitals are equiped
with specialised laboratories for estimation of different
hormons build up in our body.
Pediatric Endocrinology deals with the hormonal disorder
in children & adolescents. Majority of childhood
endocrine disorder is congenital & genetically determined,
manifesting in early infancy and childhood. Early diagnosis
& treatment is important for normal physical, mental
& psychological development.
Pediatric Endocrinology involves evaluation of children
referred for short stature (growth hormone deficiency,
genetic short stature, and intrauterine growth retardation).
in Mumbai, Manipal hospital in Bangalore & Manipal
hospital in Manipal have excellent facilities for
Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolic disease. These
hospitals are equipped with specialized laboratory
for estimation of different hormones)
Growth hormone stimulation test
for short stature
Gonadotropin stimulation test for
early and / or delayed puberty
Special x-ray facilities
for bone age estimation, CT Scan, and MRI Scan
diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, DNA
Chromosomal studies for Down's syndrome
and Turner's syndrome.